Grounds for an absolute divorce in Maryland can be a confusing and complicated concept. You have to have grounds for divorce in order to file a complaint. Grounds are reasons for the divorce. Some grounds have a waiting period. Others do not. Some require you to live in separate places. Others can occur while you are still living together. Maryland has the traditional fault grounds. It also has the more modern no-fault grounds.
The no-fault grounds are one year voluntary separation or two years involuntary separation. Both of the no-fault grounds have a waiting period before you can file for divorce and you have to be physically separated continuously for that period. That means you live in different places, or under separate roofs, as the court says. You cannot meet the no-fault ground requirements if you both live in the same house.
The fault grounds are adultery, cruelty, excessively vicious conduct, desertion, insanity and imprisonment. Three of the fault grounds have no waiting period before filing a complaint. Those are adultery, cruelty and excessively vicious conduct. You can live in the same house and file for divorce based on adultery, cruelty, excessively vicious conduct and even desertion.